Blood Pressure and Pre-Eclampsia During Pregnancy

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Getting your blood pressure monitored is just one of the common antenatal checks that you will become used to during pregnancy. Your blood pressure is very important when you are expecting a baby, so these routine checks are an essential part of your care.

How Your Blood Pressure Is Measured

A blood pressure check is one of the routine tests that will occur during most of your appointments for antenatal care at the London clinic. The blood pressure cuff will be wrapped around your upper arm and inflated. You will feel it squeezing your arm a little, but it won’t hurt. As the pressure from the cuff is slowly released, the blood pressure monitor will measure your blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure and Pre-Eclampsia

Having healthy blood pressure is always a good thing, but it is particularly important during pregnancy. If your blood pressure becomes too high it could be a sign that you are at risk of pre-eclampsia, which is a very serious condition. It usually occurs after about 20 weeks and it might not cause any noticeable symptoms at first. Many women with pre-eclampsia aren’t aware they are at risk until they find out from the blood pressure or urine tests during their antenatal care appointments in London. If the condition worsens it can cause symptoms such as headaches, visual problems, and rapid swelling of your face, hands and feet. Without treatment, it could result in serious kidney damage, fits, or even death.

If you have high blood pressure or pre-eclampsia during pregnancy, your antenatal care team in London can help to manage your condition. You might need to make some changes to your diet or to start taking medication to bring your blood pressure down. If you experience severe symptoms, you might need to be admitted into hospital so your condition can be monitored more closely. Pre-eclampsia will only go away completely once you have given birth. If your condition is serious, your doctor might recommend inducing labour once you have passed 34 weeks.

How Do Multiple Pregnancies Happen With IVF?

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multiple-pregnancies-with-ivfTwins used to be very rare and triplets or more were almost unheard of in the past. Although multiple births are still much less common than single births, they do happen much more often today. There are many reasons for this, including an increase in older mothers and improved medical care during pregnancy. The use of fertility treatment has also played a role, although the IVF today is less likely to produce multiples than it was in its early years. Many parents who undergo fertility treatment at the private fertility clinic in London would love to hear that they are expecting more than one baby, but multiple births are always riskier than single pregnancies, so IVF procedures are now designed to reduce the chances.

Fraternal Twins

Multiple pregnancies can happen during IVF in much the same way as they do in an unassisted pregnancy. Fraternal twins can happen if more than one of the transferred embryos implants in your womb. This used to be very common as early IVF procedures often involved the transfer of many embryos, which could result in very high order multiple births. Conceiving fraternal twins through IVF is less common now because fewer embryos will be transferred. In many cases, just a single embryo will be transferred because it has a good chance of implanting successfully. Your doctor at the private fertility clinic in London may recommend a single embryo transfer if you are fairly young and a high-quality embryo has been produced by IVF.

Identical Twins

However, there is another way in which twins can be produced even if you only undergo a single embryo transfer at the private fertility clinic in London. Sometimes an early embryo can split to produce two viable, genetically identical embryos. This can even happen when you already have two embryos implanted in your womb, which could leave you expecting a combination of identical and fraternal triplets or more.

Preparing for Pregnancy After a Miscarriage

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You probably talked to your doctor about the impact of your miscarriage on any future pregnancies when it happened, but it can be helpful to go over this miscarriage advice again when you decide to try for a baby. Most women who have an early miscarriage are able to conceive again and have a successful pregnancy, but your doctor can provide miscarriage advice based on your personal circumstances.


Getting Healthy for Pregnancy

Although there isn’t usually anything you could have done to have prevented a miscarriage, it can help to talk to a doctor before you try again. You may need some extra support and miscarriage advice to feel confident about your next pregnancy. It can also help to get advice on what you can do to get healthy for your pregnancy. You may have heard and followed the same advice in your previous pregnancy, but it can still be helpful to refresh your memory.

The most important thing you can do is to avoid smoking, second hand smoke and drinking alcohol. Maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and eating a balanced diet is also important. Your doctor can advise you on which foods to avoid during pregnancy and recommend supplements to ensure you are getting all the nutrition you need. It is also a good idea to check that your vaccinations are up to date, particularly for rubella, and to get the annual flu vaccine.

Additional Care

Talking about previous pregnancies can help your doctor to give conception advice or antenatal care that is tailored to your needs. In some cases, there may be treatments available that can help tackle specific causes of miscarriages. For example, you may need to take some medication to prevent blood clots if you were diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome, or you may need to have a small stitch put in to strengthen your cervix if it has been weakened.

How Are Fibroids Treated?

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A range of different options are available for fibroid treatment in London, ranging from medication to relieve the symptoms to operations that can remove the growths from your uterus. Fibroids can be very painful, so finding the right treatment is important, but you may need to be patient as your gynaecologist won’t want to resort to surgery until you have tried other options first.

What Are Fibroids?

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that can develop in your uterus. The growths are made up of excess muscle and fibrous tissue that can grow very large. When the fibroids are small, they don’t usually cause any symptoms, so you may not know that they are there. However, if the fibroids grow large enough, they can begin to cause problems. Symptoms that might be associated with fibroids include heavy, painful periods, abdominal or back pain, constipation, and needing to urinate more often. You might also find it uncomfortable to have sex. If you experience these kinds of symptoms and your gynaecologist determines that fibroids are to blame, there are several different options for Fibroid treatment in London.

Treatment Options for Fibroids

Fibroids don’t need to be treated unless they are causing symptoms and they will often disappear by themselves with time. Fibroid treatment in London will usually focus on relieving the symptoms. You might be offered medication or an intrauterine device that can make your periods lighter. Treatment for fibroids can also involve trying to reduce the size of the fibroids with medication or to remove them surgically. These options will usually only be tried if your symptoms haven’t been relieved with treatment and surgery will generally be recommended only if medication has failed to shrink your fibroids. Several different surgical options are available for fibroid treatment in London, ranging from procedures that target the fibroids themselves to a complete hysterectomy to eliminate the problem permanently.

How to Have a Healthy Pregnancy?

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If you have recently found out that you are pregnant, it is an exciting time, but it is also essential that you take steps to make sure that both you and your developing baby stay healthy during your pregnancy. From following a healthy diet and taking the necessary supplements to avoiding potential hazards, all will help to ensure that you have a successful pregnancy. If you’re a first time mum or you just need a reminder, here is a checklist of what you need to remember.

Eat Well

There is never a more important time to follow a well-balanced diet than while you are pregnant. The same rules apply about eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, starchy foods and protein-rich foods as before pregnancy and you should continue to opt for healthy snacks, but remember that you only need to eat an extra 200Kcal during the last trimester, so there’s no need to significantly increase your food intake.


When pregnant it is best to avoid alcohol altogether, though if you do decide to still have the occasional drink, guidance recommends you have at most two units of alcohol no more than once or twice weekly. This is because drinking more heavily than this can affect your baby’s development and may also increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and low birth weight. You should watch your intake of caffeine as well and limit it to 200mg daily, equivalent to two cups of tea or instant coffee, five cans of coke or two energy drinks; don’t forget that dark chocolate also contains caffeine, at around 50mg in a 50g bar. Following the advice about caffeine intake during pregnancy may help to protect against miscarriage and restricted growth.

Follow Food Safety Advice

You are more susceptible to food poisoning during pregnancy due to changes within your immune system. However, by taking steps such washing fruit and vegetables, keeping your fridge at the right temperature and organising it appropriately, and cooking food till it is piping hot in the middle you can greatly reduce your risk. Additionally, you should avoid mould-ripened cheeses and blue cheese, anything that contains raw eggs or meat that is not well-done, as these foods carry a higher risk of food poisoning, which could harm your baby. Although unrelated to food poisoning, you should also avoid liver and products made from it, as this is too high in vitamin A (a vitamin that can affect your baby’s development), as well as swordfish, marlin and shark, as these fish are high in mercury that could harm their developing nervous system.

Take Folic Acid and Vitamin D

While you can buy pregnancy supplements, if you are eating well, these are unnecessary. However, you need to take folic acid till the 12th week of pregnancy and vitamin D throughout the nine months. Ideally, you should start taking folic acid before you start trying to conceive, but if you become pregnant unexpectedly, you should start taking this supplement as soon as you find out, as folic acid helps your baby’s neural tube to develop fully.

Keep Active

Although pregnancy isn’t the time to begin strenuous exercise regimes, keeping active when you are expecting can help to prevent excessive weight gain and certain pregnancy complications, as well as making sure that your body is in good shape to deliver your baby. Good options for exercise while you are pregnant include walking, swimming, pregnancy yoga classes and aquanatal. Current guidelines suggest you should complete at least 30 minutes activity on most days of the week, so this is what you should aim for.

Avoid Hazards

Besides quitting smoking if you haven’t already, you should also be wary of other harmful substances you are exposed to. For instance, if your job involves work with toxins, heavy metals or radiation, you will need to discuss with your employer about making changes to the duties you carry out. You should also be careful when using items such as cleaning products and pesticides in the home to avoid unnecessary exposure to these.

Attend All Antenatal Appointments

As well as the changes you make to your lifestyle during pregnancy, it is important that you also receive full antenatal care with your doctor and midwife. This makes sure that any health problems that affect you or your baby are detected early, increasing your chances of a successful pregnancy.