If you have been having trouble getting pregnant or you are concerned about your fertility, then it can be a good idea to see a fertility specialist. The doctor probably won’t recommend fertility treatment right away as it is important to check for any underlying causes first.
Talking to the Doctor
Before you have any fertility tests, you will usually spend some time talking to the doctor about your general health, lifestyle, medical history and your attempts to get pregnant. You will also have a chance to learn more about the fertility tests that are available and to discuss the options for fertility treatment if it is needed. It is important for you to be aware of what fertility tests can and can’t reveal as it isn’t always possible to identify a specific cause.
Fertility Tests for Men
Fertility checks for men may include blood and urine tests to look for hormonal imbalances and infections such as STIs. Men may also need ultrasound scans to check for abnormalities in the testicles or seminal vesicles that deliver the sperm. Semen analysis to check the sperm count, mobility and health are also important.
Fertility Tests for Women
Women may need blood tests to check for hormonal imbalances or infections such as STIs. A pelvic exam will usually be performed to look for signs of gynaecological conditions or abnormalities. Scans such as ultrasounds will look for issues such as fibroids in the womb or blockages in the fallopian tubes. In some cases a minor surgical procedure will be required to take a closer look at the reproductive organs.
What Happens Next?
Once you have completed your fertility assessments, the doctor will be able to provide personalised advice on your next steps. Treatment may be needed for any health issues that were discovered, but the doctor may also recommend some lifestyle changes to improve your chances. You may get advice to help you to conceive naturally or the doctor may recommend specific fertility treatments to assist you.