Ovarian cysts are small, fluid filled growths on the ovaries. Although the cysts are usually harmless, they can cause problems if they grow too large or if they burst. You might experience pelvic pain, problems with your periods, or other symptoms. There is also a small risk that a cyst could be caused by ovarian cancer. Ovarian cysts treatment can help by removing the cyst surgically. This should relieve any symptoms.
Ovarian cysts will sometimes go away by themselves, so your doctor might advise waiting for a while if your symptoms aren’t too severe. The cyst may be checked with an ultrasound scan after a few weeks or months to see if it is still there. You might not need to have surgery if the cyst is gone. However, if you are in a lot of pain, the cysts are very large, or there is a risk of ovarian cancer, you may need ovarian cysts treatment right away. You might also need treatment for any underlying conditions that are causing cysts to grow, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome.
Cysts that are causing problems or that don’t go away may need to be removed surgically. The most common form of surgery for ovarian cysts treatment is a laparoscopic cystectomy. Other kinds of surgery may sometimes be necessary, but it is usually possible to remove the cyst while leaving the ovary intact.
Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is laparoscopic keyhole surgery where a persistent ovarian cyst is separated and removed from the ovary. The cyst is then sent to the Laboratory for histological analysis if appropriate. This surgery is aimed at preserving remaining healthy ovarian tissue. The risk of ovarian loss with this surgery is low, as is the risk of premature ovarian failure.
Keyhole surgery is usually able to remove an ovarian cyst, but in some cases it may be necessary to have open surgery for ovarian cysts treatment instead. A larger incision may be needed if you have a particularly large cyst or if there is a risk of cancer. In the rare cases, where there is a high suspicion of malignancy in the cyst or ovary, removal of the entire involved ovary (oophorectomy) may be required. You may need additional surgery or other treatment if cancer cells are found after a cyst has been removed.
Ovarian cysts treatment won’t usually affect your fertility, as long as one of both of your ovaries remain. Often it is possible to remove the cyst while leaving the ovary intact. Even if one of your ovaries has to be taken out, you will continue producing eggs and releasing female hormones. Menopause will not occur if the other (contralateral) ovary works normally. Conception can be achieved with only one remaining ovary. However, it may be a little bit harder to get pregnant. If both ovaries have to be removed, it will trigger the menopause. Your doctor may recommend HRT to manage your symptoms.